Looking for a list of world capitals? You’re in the right place!
But first – I have to apologize in advance for this very, very nerdtastic post. Here’s the truth though: once upon a time, it was my dream to memorize ALL the world capitals on Earth.
I grew up practically hugging a world globe (this exact one, actually) and duh, one of my most prized possessions these days is my scratchable world map, which satisfies my wanderlust & (borderline troubling) love for scratch cards, all in one satisfying swoop.
So yes, ambitious young me somehow thought it would be “cool” to one day memorize all the capital cities of the world. And while my definition of “cool hasn’t really improved much (after all, last year I literally wrote a list of pickup lines for every single world country), I thought it was time to do a different kind of roundup… this time, a compilation of ALL the world capitals (with photos to boot).
The most fascinating thing about this world is its diversity, which is what made this post SO much fun to put together… I hope you enjoy this visual tour through all the world’s capital cities 🙂
Because I haven’t (yet) visited all these capitals for myself, the majority of these photos are sourced from stock photo sites. That said, a few of mine did sneak in there. Can you guess which ones? 😉
Anyways, you must be wondering: what are all the capitals in the world? Well, here is a complete list of world capitals for all the 196 independent countries of the world as recognized by the United Nations. Scroll further down to see all the photos… I promise they’re cool to see! Enjoy.
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Countries and Capitals List (With Photos)
The capital of Afghanistan is Kabul, the largest city in the country. Prior to 1766 though, the country’s capital was Kandahar.
The capital of Albania is Tirana, known as one of the only capital cities in the world with no McDonalds! #McSorry
The capital of Algeria is Algiers, the largest city in the country, which happens to be the largest country in Africa. Soo… you know, largeception.
The capital of Andorra is Andorra la Vella.
Besides its super pretty name, Andorra la Vella happens to be a bustling destination for winter tourism because of its ski resort. Plus, at over 1000m above ground, it’s the highest capital in Europe.
The capital of Angola is Luanda, the country’s chief port.
Some call it “the Paris of Africa” for its sophisticated culture, and it has consistently topped lists as the most expensive city for expats in the entire world.
Antigua and Barbuda
The capital of Antigua and Barbuda is Saint John’s, where you’ll apparently find epic Carnival festivities during the summer from the end of July til the first Tuesday of August, when there’s a biiiig parade to celebrate.
The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires.
Here, you’ll find the mansion where the president of Argentina lives. It’s called the Casa Rosada and yes, apparently very pink!
The capital of Armenia is Yerevan, nicknamed “The Pink City” for the colour of the stone used in buildings throughout the city.
Also fun fact (not world capital related, but still) – chess is a mandatory subject in Armenian schools!
The capital of Australia is Canberra, not Sydney as many people wrongfully assume!
Canberra is the country’s largest inland city and known as “the Bush capital” due to its location amongst the nature and mountains.
The capital of Austria is Vienna.
Random but very fun fact: Vienna is where the snow globe was invented back in 1900. Basically Erwin Perzy (a fine instruments mechanic) was trying to make a light bulb glow brighter by adding water and semolina flakes… which didn’t make a brighter bulb, but a pretty and iconic new decoration! In my opinion, this is one of the most beautiful world capitals on Earth.
The capital of Azerbaijan is Baku, which is located 92ft below sea level.
It is also sometimes referred to as “the city of Winds”.
The capital of the Bahamas is Nassau, the biggest city in the country.
It’s rumoured that Blackbeard and Calico Jack (yes, the pirates) called Nassau home once upon a time. *cue Pirates of the Carribean music*
The capital of Bahrain is Manama.
Apparently one of their main districts is called “Hoora” (like, hoorah!!!) and that’s where a lot of the city’s nightlife is. This fact brings me great joy.
The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka.
Fun fact: Dhaka is known as the rickshaw capital of the world (with over 800,000 rickshaw pullers in the city).
The capital of Barbados is Bridgetown, which has its own Trafalgar Square and Lord Nelson Statue (like in London).
Surprise though – both actually predate their London equivalents.
The capital of Belarus is Minsk, a city that is totally packed with FOUNTAINS – over a hundred of them in fact.
It also has a ridiculously long main street (called Independence Avenue) that spans 15km.
The capital of Belgium is Brussels.
The airport here is the largest chocolate selling point in the world, and they have a lot of quirky museums, including one dedicated to fries!
FYI, Brussels is one of the world capitals I’ve visited but didn’t totally love. Read about my mistakes/experiences here.
The capital of Belize is Belmopan, one of the smallest capital cities in the world.
The government was moved here in 1970, after Hurricane Hattie devastated much of the former capital, Belize City in the 60s.
The capital of Benin is Porto-Novo (the country’s second largest city).
Despite its status as capital, many consider Cotonou to be not only bigger, but more important.
The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. It is supposedly the only capital in the world that has no traffic lights.
Bolivia kind of has two capitals: La Paz, the administrative/de facto capital and Sucre, the judicial capital.
La Paz is where you’ll find the highest golf course in the world (it’s also the highest world capital).
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo. It was in this city that on June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, an event that would trigger WWI.
PS: Bosnia & Herzegovina is one of my favourite hidden gems in Europe! Click here to see some more photos from this beautiful country.
The capital of Botswana is Gaborone, located in the south near South Africa.
The name comes from Chief Gaborone of the Tlokwa tribe who once controlled nearby land.
The capital of Brazil is Brasilia. Supposedly, when viewed from above, the city has the shape of an airplane.
The capital of Brunei is Bandar Seri Begawan, the largest city in Brunei and home to the country’s most famous landmark, the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque.
The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia, a city built on Roman ruins and with the best array of free tours ever, including one of the only free food tours in the world! Click here for a local’s guide to Sofia.
Sofia is hands down one of my favourite world capitals I’ve visited. Click here to read a local’s guide to experiencing the city.
The capital of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougo, which translates to “You are welcome here at home with us”. *feels instantly loved*
The capital of Burundi is Bujumbura. It also functions as the main port, where a lot of the country’s main export (sweet, sweet coffee) is shipped.
The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh, sometimes known as the “Pearl of Asia” or the “Paris of the East”.
The capital of Cameroon is Yaounde, nicknamed the City of Seven Hills.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa, and their hockey team is called the Senators. heh.
The capital of Cape Verde is Praia. It’s located on the island of Santiago, the largest island in the country. One of the official languages of the country is Portuguese, and Praia actually means Beach in Portugese.
Central African Republic
The capital of the Central African Republic is Bangui. This small landlocked country is just slightly smaller than Texas. You can see the video below for lots of photos and clips from this city!
The capital of Chad is N’Djamena. Originally named Fort-Lamy (after a French major) the city’s name was changed to N’Djamena in 1973, over a decade after Chad’s independence from France in 1960.
The capital of Chile is Santiago, which boasts a confusing attraction not all capitals can brag about: a clown cemetery.
The capital of China is Beijing, although it wasn’t always called this. Like many capital cities, Beijing has undergone several name changes over the years. Beijing is actually the 16th name the city has had.
The capital of Colombia is Bogota. The name comes from the city’s original founders, the Muisca people, who once upon a time called the city Bacatá, which translates to mean “the Lady of the Andes” in the Chibcha language means.
The capital of the Comoros is Moroni. Not all capital cities have the word “moron” in it, but fun fact: Moroni actually translates to “in the heart of the fire” in Comorian.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is Kinshasa. Believe it or not, this city is known for ROBOTS! Yes, there are robots here who direct traffic. Check out the video below to see them in action.
The capital of Costa Rica is San Jose. Fun fact: Due to the city’s location in a tropical rainforest, you’ll actually encounter rain here about half of the days of the year. It still looks pretty gorgeous though, don’t you think?
There are two capital cities in Cote d’Ivoire: Yamoussoukro, the official capital and Abidjan, the de facto capital. One of the most famous sights in Yamoussoukro is the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, which is actually (according to Guinness World Records) the largest Christian church in the entire WORLD – yes, it’s even bigger than St Peter’s in Vatican City.
The capital of Croatia is Zagreb, and also (in my opinion) one of the most underrated cities in Europe. Here’s why I consider it Croatia’s cool kid.
The capital of Cuba is Havana, a city known for its abundance of unique sights and museums, among them museums dedicated to chocolate, Ernest Hemingway and yes, even Havana Club Rum!
The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia and it’s the world’s only divided capital city (a Green line partitioned by the UN divides the city into a Greek section (south) and Turkish section (North). This makes it one of the most unique capitals of the world.
Nicosia may be one of the lesser known world capitals in Europe, but it’s beautiful nonetheless. See for yourself:
Czechia (Czech Republic)
The capital of the Czech Republic (AKA Czechia) is Prague. This is one of my favourite cities in Europe!
Not only is its hilltop castle the largest castle in the entire world, locals here consume the most beer per capita out of all the world’s countries, which (in my opinion) would make living in Prague a bucket list experience in itself… don’t you agree?
PS: Prague is especially pretty at Christmas time. Check out my guide to Christmas markets in Prague for more.
The capital of Denmark is Copenhagen. Not all world capitals can boast that they are home to the happiest people on Earth, but Copenhagen sure can!
Put this country capitals list on pause and check out these must-see sights in Copenhagen.
The capital of Djibouti is (also) called Djibouti. Yes… I’m trying really hard not to make a yo’ booty joke, but I’ve already done that in this epic roundup of cheesy pickup lines featuring every country in the world.
Fun fact: Djibouti is where you’ll find Lac Assal, the largest salt reserve in the world. It’s located about 120km away from Djibouti City, but that’s still a pretty cool fact, don’t you think?
The capital of Dominica is Roseau. Fun fact about Roseau: the city is actually surrounded by an abundance of beautiful black sand beaches since Dominica has 9 (yes, 9!) active volcanos! There are many sulphur pools to explore too.
The capital of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo, a city that is considered to be the oldest European-established city in the Americas. It was founded by Bartholomew Columbus (Christopher Columbus’ brother) in 1496, which gives the city claim to a lot of “firsts”, including the oldest cathedral in the Americas, Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor.
East Timor (Timor-Leste)
The capital of East Timor (AKA Timor-Leste) is Dili. Fun fact: just off the coast of Dili, there is an island known as Atauro Island which scientists have said may be home to the most biodiverse waters in the entire world!
The capital of Ecuador is Quito, which, fun fact, was the first city to be named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Supposedly, the city’s elevation is also too high for there be any malaria transmission (source).
This is probably one of the best known among the country capitals in this list but in case you’re wondering, the capital of Egypt is Cairo. Fun fact: Cairo is the only one out of all the capital cities in the world to boast an ancient wonder of the world (the pyramids there are actually the only still remaining ancient wonders on Earth).
The capital of El Salvador is San Salvador. Fun fact: one of San Salvador’s (many) sister cities is Los Angeles! They’ve been linked as sister ciies since 2005.
The capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo, located on the island of Bioko. In addition to being capital, Malabo also happens to be the oldest city in the country.
The capital of Eritrea is Asmara. Once nicknamed “Little Rome”, the colonial legacy of Italy can still be felt today throughout the city thanks to its many Art Deco and modernist buildings.
The capital of Estonia is Tallinn. Every five years in July, the city actually hosts one of the largest choral events in the world, the Estonian Song Festival, which draws over 30,000 singers!
The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa which also serves as the headquarters of the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).
The capital of Fiji is Suva, which also serves as the country’s main port.
The capital of Finland is Helsinki. Fun fact: the city’s highest point is a hill known as Malminkartanonhuippu. In other news, I absolutely adore the Finnish language.
Take a break form this countries capital list and check out my 48 hour diary from Helsinki.
The capital of France is Paris.
Of all the names in this capitals of the world list, Paris is among the most well known and sought after. I definitely haven’t been to all the capitals in this list, but I’ve been to Paris many times. Click here to read my roundup of mistakes to avoid during your first visit.
The capital of Gabon is Libreville. You can check out the video below for some clips around the city:
The capital of the Gambia is Banjul.
The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi.
The capital of Germany is Berlin.
The capital of Ghana is Accra.
The capital of Greece is Athens.
The capital of Grenada is Saint George’s.
The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City.
The capital of Guinea is Conakry.
The capital of Guinea-Bissau is Bissau.
The capital of Guyana is Georgetown.
The capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
The capital of Honduras is Tegucigalpa (try to pronounce that one, folks!)
The capital of Hungary is Budapest.
The capital of Iceland is Reykjavik. It’s one of the quirkiest entries in this capital cities on the world list. After all, where else can you find a penis museum?
Want a break from this list of countries with their capitals? Click here to read about 6 offbeat activities you can do in Iceland.
The capital of India is New Delhi.
The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta.
The capital of Iran is Tehran.
The capital of Iraq is Baghdad.
The capital of Ireland is Dublin.
The capital of Israel is Jerusalem.
The capital of Italy is Rome.
The capital of Jamaica is Kingston.
The capital of Japan is Tokyo.
Of all the capitals in the world I haven’t seen yet, this is the one I want to visit most! After all, it’s the world capital with the most top-rated restaurants on Earth 😉
The capital of Jordan is Amman.
As of 2019, the capital of Kazakhstan is known as Nur-Sultan (formerly called Astana).
The capital of Kenya is Nairobi.
The capital of Kiribati is Tarawa Atoll.
The capital of North Korea is Pyongyang.
The capital of South Korea is Seoul. It’s a city with soul.
… Sorry, to be frank, this world capital list would have never been complete without a bad pun.
Anyways, along with Tokyo, Seoul is one of the world capital cities where residents get the least avg amount of sleep (less than 6 hours per night).
The capital of Kosovo is Pristina.
The capital of Kuwait is Kuwait City.
The capital of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek.
The capital of Laos is Vientiane.
The capital of Latvia is Riga.
The capital of Lebanon is Beirut.
The capital of Lesotho is Maseru.
The capital of Liberia is Monrovia.
The capital of Libya is Tripoli.
The capital of Liechtenstein is Vaduz, known for its distinctive hilltop castle. Fun fact: once a year, all residents of Liechtenstein are invited for a drink at the castle garden in honour of the country’s National Day.
The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius, which (fun fact) is home to an independently declared republic known as Užupis. Of all the capital cities I’ve visited in Europe, Vilnius was among the most surprising and I highly recommend visiing if you’re looking for an offbeat city break.
Here are some of the articles that I’ve written about the Lithuanian capital:
- The Best Things to do in Vilnius, Lithuania
- Vilnius, Lithuania: An Unexpected City Break Packed with Awesome
The capital of Luxembourg is Luxembourg City, one of the most underrated capitals in Europe in my opinion. Click here for my guide on the best things to do there!
The capital of Madagascar is Antananarivo.
The capital of Malawai is Lilongwe.
The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur.
The capital of the Maldives is Male.
The capital of Mali is Bamako.
The capital of Malta is Valletta.
Here are some Malta articles you might be interested in:
- The Best Places to Visit in Malta for TV & Film Lovers
- The Ultimate Game of Thrones Guide to Malta
- Malta in April: Itinerary Inspiration & Photo Diary
- 31 Photos of Malta that Will Ignite Your Wanderlust
The capital of the Marshall Islands is Majuro.
The capital of Mauritania is Nouakchott.
The capital of Mauritius is Port Louis.
The capital of Mexico is Mexico City.
The Federated States of Micronesia
The capital of the Federated States of Micronesia is Palikir.
The capital of Moldova is Chisinau.
Monaco is a city state so there isn’t technically a separate capital city. The capital of Monaco would therefore just be Monaco, home to billionaires, superyachts and the world famous Monaco Grand Prix. It’s still possible to do Monaco on a budget – trust me, I loved it there during my early backpacking days. Click here for a guide on how to enjoy Monaco on a budget.
The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar.
The capital of Montenegro is Podgorica.
The capital of Morocco is Rabat.
The capital of Mozambique is Maputo.
The capital of Myanmar is Naypyidaw though many citizens still regard Rangoon (Yangon) to be the capital. This mysterious capital city has long enforced strict photography and video laws, so captures of it are rare, but you can check out the video below for a peek at what it looks like:
The capital of Namibia is Windhoek.
There is no official capital city in Nauru, although the de facto capital where the government offices are is Yaren.
The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu.
The capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam although the Hague is where you’ll find the official seat of government.
The capital of New Zealand is Wellington. Click here for a locals’ guide to the city.
The capital of Nicaragua is Managua.
The capital of Niger is Niamey.
The capital of Nigeria is Abuja.
The capital of Macedonia is Skopje.
The capital of Norway is Oslo.
The capital of Oman is Muscat.
The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad.
The capital of Palau is Melekeok.
The capital of Panama is Panama City.
Papua New Guinea
The capital of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby.
The capital of Paraguay is Asuncion.
The capital of Peru is Lima.
The capital of the Philippines is Manila.
The capital of Poland is Warsaw.
The capital of Portugal is Lisbon, a city that I adore! Click here for a helpful guide to mistakes you should avoid in this beautiful city.
The capital of Qatar is Doha.
The capital of Romania is Bucharest (in my opinion, one of the most underrated capitals in Europe!). Check out this article wit a list of the city’s many hidden gems.
The capital of Russia is Moscow.
The capital of Rwanda is Kigali.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
The capital of Saint Kitts and Nevis is Basseterre.
The capital of Saint Lucia is Castries.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is Kingstown.
The capital of Samoa is Apia.
The capital of San Marino is San Marino (haha).
Sao Tome and Principe
The capital of Sao Tome and Principe is Sao Tome.
The capital of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh.
The capital of Senegal is Dakar.
The capital of Serbia is Belgrade.
The capital of the Seychelles is Victoria.
The capital of Sierra Leone is Freetown.
Since Singapore is a city state, it is technically its own capital, which means that the capital of Singapore is Singapore. Click here for a locals’ guide to Singapore!
The capital of Slovakia is Bratislava.
The capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana.
The capital of the Solomon Islands is Honiara.
The capital of Somalia is Mogadishu.
In South Africa, there is no legally defined capital city. Three cities are considered “capitals”: Pretoria, the administrative capital; Cape Town, the legislative capital and Bloemfontein, the judiciary capital.
The capital of South Sudan is Juba.
The capital of Spain is Madrid.
The legislative capital of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte. Colombo is considered the commercial capital of Sri Lanka and is also the country’s largest city.
The capital of Sudan is Khartoum.
The capital of Suriname is Paramaribo.
The capital of Swaziland is Mbabane.
The capital of Sweden is Stockholm, a beautiful city that I highly recommend visiting! Click here to check out my Stockholm photo diary.
The capital of Switzerland is Bern.
The capital of Syria is Damascus.
The capital of Taiwan is Taipei.
The capital of Tajikistan is Dushanbe.
The capital of Tanzania is Dodoma (declared in 1974), whereas Dar es Salaam was the first capital.
The capital of Thailand is Bangkok.
The capital of Togo is Lome.
The capital of Tonga is Nuku’alofa.
Trinidad and Tobago
The capital of Trinidad and Tobago is Port-of-Spain.
The capital of Tunisia is Tunis.
The capital of Turkey is Ankara.
The capital of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat.
The capital of Tuvalu is Funafuti.
The capital of Uganda is Kampala.
The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv.
United Arab Emirates
The capital of the United Arab Emirates is Abu Dhabi.
The capital of the United Kingdom is London.
While London is probably the most well known name in this capital cities list, I still need to tell you a few fun facts about it 😉 Over 300 languages are spoken in London, making it one of the most diverse world capitals on Earth. It also has over 170 museums.
Click here to read my guide on how to save money in London. After all, it’s a pretty pricey world capital!
United States of America
The capital of the United States of America is Washington D.C.
The capital of Uruguay is Montevideo.
The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent.
The capital of Vanuatu is Port-Vila.
Vatican City (Holy See)
Vatican City is a city state and so there is no separate capital city, but it’s tiny and you can easily see it all in half a day. Check out these views:
The capital of Venezuela is Caracas.
The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi. The name of this world capital actually means “city inside rivers”.
The capital of Yemen is Sanaa.
The capital of Zambia is Lusaka.
Finally: the last entry in this capital list! The capital of Zimbabwe is Harare.
A Full List of World Capitals (Sorted in alphabetical order)
|Andorra||Andorra la Vella|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Saint John's|
|Bolivia||Administrative: La Paz
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Sarajevo|
|Brunei||Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Central African Republic||Bangui|
|The Republic of the Congo||Brazzaville|
|The Democratic Republic of the Congo||Kinshasa|
|Costa Rica||San Jose|
|Cote d'Ivoire||Official: Yamoussoukro
De Facto: Abidjan
|Dominican Republic||Santo Domingo|
|East Timor (Timor-Leste)||Dili|
|El Salvador||San Salvador|
|Kazakhstan||Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana)|
|Federated States of Micronesia||Palikir|
|Monaco||Monaco (City State)|
|Nauru||No official capital - de facto capital is Yaren|
|Papua New Guinea||Port Moresby|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Kingstown|
|San Marino||San Marino (City State)|
|Sao Tome and Principe||Sao Tome|
|Singapore||Singapore (City State)|
|South Africa||Administrative: Pretoria
Legislative: Cape Town Judiciary: Bloemfontein
|Sri Lanka||Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Port-of-Spain|
|United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi|
|United States of America||Washington D.C.
|Vatican City (Holy See)||Vatican City|
Thanks for reading this list of World Capitals!
I hope you enjoyed that crazy long list of capital cities, ft. country capitals from around the world! Any more questions or comments? Feel free to ask away in the comments. To my knowledge, all countries and their capitals are listed in this article, but if I missed anything, let me know!